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Schneider - Charder - Le Verre Francais - Vercais

The many facets of art glass during
the Art Deco era.

By Alain Fournier
(10/26/01)

Art Deco:

The term
was coined in the 1960's as such and came from the International exhibition of "Decorative arts & modern industries" held in Paris in 1925. This exhibition was meant to be held long before this date as a direct response of the International exhibitions of Torino and Milan, respectively held in 1902 & 1906. Due to lack of funding, agreements between organizers and finally WW1, this major exhibition was put off until 1925, when times became more favorable for such a massive undertaking. As one can imagine, the tastes of 1925 were drastically different than in 1910 and allowed for radical new ideas to emerge. Now, what is "art Deco"? Be it in France, USA, Japan or Europe in general, the similarity is striking. The main difference is timing, French Art Deco lasted from 1918 to 1939, American Art Deco goes beyond that time and started later on as a movement. We know this movement was abandoned in France in 1939 as the German Nazis started using Deco symbols and the French reacted negatively and simply moved away from this style. In essence "Art Deco" is a style represented by symmetrical, rectilinear lines, abstract designs & bold contrasting colors embracing industrial techniques as a whole. In contrast, Art Nouveau was more focused on asymmetrical lines (whiplash curves), realistic true to nature design and soft coordinated colors, with the big movement leaders against using industrial techniques (though most used it).

Our focus here will be on glass, more importantly on one great artist of this era: Charles Schneider. Schneider is fast becoming recognized, and rightly so, as the leading force in art glass during the Art Deco movement. His contribution is an important one in influencing and initiating the art glass movement transition from Art Nouveau to Art Deco in France.


Schneider ewer with applied handle and 3 larmes.
c. 1925-1928


Le Verre Francais vase of the series "Platanes".
c. 1928-1929
 

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